In China`s counter-declaration, government sources said here that the events of recent months had “inevitably influenced bilateral relations.” India, in particular, had indicated that the mobilization of large numbers of plagiarist troops was responsible for the “flash points along the LAC”. While both sides have talked about a rapid withdrawal, the five points do not explicitly speak of a definitive de-escalation or a re-establishment of the status quo ante. The 1993 Peace and Rest Maintenance Agreement forms the basis of all subsequent agreements. The foreign ministers of India and China, Subrahmanyam Jaishankar and Wang Yi, reached a five-point agreement during their talks in Moscow, on the sidelines of the SCO summit on 10 September, to ease tensions on the Ladakh border. The Indian Express speaks with The Major General, Professor G. G. Dwivedi (Retd), who commanded troops in this area and served as a defence attaché in China to discuss these discussions. China was the first country to issue a press release after the meeting. “After a thorough and in-depth discussion, the two sides reached a five-point consensus on the current situation,” the Chinese Foreign Ministry said.

Wang referred to other areas of discussion, including the need to “ensure the stability of all relations and maintain mutual trust,” even if the border situation becomes difficult. Wang stressed that China and India, as two fast-rising major developing countries, now need cooperation, not confrontation; and mutual trust, not mistrust. There is no need for additional agreements. The point of contention is their implementation, which were violated by the PLA in the follow-up to its “Nibble and Negotiate” strategy. In fact, all these agreements have only helped China consolidate its claims over a long period of time by waging a bullet-less war. On the issues discussed: bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements in which India is involved and/or are undermining India`s interests, Mr. Jaishankar told his Chinese counterpart that India remains concerned about the proliferation of Chinese troops in ZONE, which is not in line with the 1993 and 1996 agreements. “There was no credible explanation for this operation” which, according to Minister Flash-Points, created along the LAC. Mr. Jaishankar stressed the need for a “complete withdrawal of troops” at all shipper`s posts in order to avoid future “unfortunate incidents”. He also stated that “the final arrangement of the deployment of troops to their permanent posts and the gradual cessation of the process must be developed by military commanders.” (3) The two ministers agreed that both sides would respect all existing agreements and protocols on China-India border issues, maintain peace and calm in border areas, and avoid any measures that could worsen the situation. It reaffirms the process of dialogue, withdrawal and relaxation. All of this has been widely discussed in the following five agreements: In News- Recently, China and India agreed on five-point action to reduce and reduce tensions along the effective line of control (LAC).

An hour later, the Indian Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a “joint statement” listing five points of agreement reached by the two foreign ministers after two and a half hours of “frank and constructive” discussion. Recently, India and China agreed on a five-point plan to unplug troops and reduce tensions along the Effective Line of Control (LAC), where Indian and Chinese troops are engaged in a four-and-a-half-month standoff.